Tyi Wara headdress (Profile view)
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Item : Tyi Wara headdress, Picture : Profile view (approx. 11 Kbytes)

This very beautiful sogoni kun headdress (usually called tyi wara) represents a stylized antelope caring two young ones on her back (three pairs of horns). In use during agrarian festivities of the secret male initiation association tyi wara of the young farmers, this object (decorated with small incised circles) was to favor harvests.

The sogoni kun headdress, set on top of the head using a wicker basket, was the attribute of the male initiation association tyi wara whose fundamental principles are to harmonize the life of the Man, the fertility of the cultures and the place of the Man within cosmos. The body represents the antelope (dega) that first taught people to farm. Symbol of fecundity, the sogoni kun expresses art to make a ground fertile ; symbol of Man's origins, it also expresses the creation of the universe by analogy of the symbols and the myths.
Probably 19th century or earlier.

Object #2385

Origin :

Mali (Bougouni area)

Type :

Masks and headdresses

Ethnic group :

Bamana (Bambara)

Material :

Wood, aged brownish patina

Size :

H = 16.7 inches

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