Eastern Pende mask (Front view)
Maps

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Item : Eastern Pende mask, Picture : Front view (approx. 27 Kbytes)


Among the range of Pende masks the human and animal are often linked, and in the West Kasai one particular type seems to share a masquerading and an architectural function. The lateral elongation of the panya ngombe mask relates to the buffalo which itself has chiefly associations.

The Pende live in the southwestern part of Zaire. They are mainly farmers, producing millet, maize, plantain and peanuts. The women do most of the farm work and all of the selling of goods in community markets. Men help clear fields and occasionally hunt and fish for additional food. The Pende people are matrilineal, with the eldest maternal uncle recognized as the head of the family with responsibility for the well-being of the family and taking care of the ancestors. The Pende carve several types of masks, mostly associated with education and initiation rituals. The masks embody ancestral forces and serve as intermediaries with the spirit world. Masks of the eastern Pende are typically painted red, black and white and decorated with rows of small, incised painted triangles. They are flat and characterized by exaggerated width and large projecting ears.

Late 19th / early 20th century.

Origin : Purchased from Paul Rutten, Amsterdam

Object #5377

Origin :

D. R. Congo

Type :

Masks and headdresses

Ethnic group :

Pende (Eastern)

Material :

Wood, fine aged patina, oily in places, pigments

Size :

W = 11.8 inches; H = 5.6 inches

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