The Pende live in the southwestern part of Zaire. They are mainly
farmers, producing millet, maize, plantain and peanuts. The women do
most of the farm work and all of the selling of goods in community
markets. Men help clear fields and occasionally hunt and fish for
additional food. The Pende people are matrilineal, with the eldest
maternal uncle recognized as the head of the family with
responsibility for the well-being of the family and taking care of
the ancestors. The Pende carve several types of masks (human and
animal forms are often linked), mostly associated with education and
initiation rituals. The masks embody ancestral forces and serve as
intermediaries with the spirit world.
Purchased from a private collection, Amsterdam
Collection Alex Arthur, Brussels
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