Dogon door lock (Front view)
Yougo Na villageMechanismMaps

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Item : Dogon door lock, Picture : Front view (approx. 20 Kbytes)


This door lock depicts in abstract way a couple of nommo, two of the eighth ancestors of the mankind (Dogon myth of creation, tihinle). The pointed horn-like structures atop represent both stylized nommo figures and the horns of the antelope (ka). The vertical beam is sculpted with patterns which evoke the fields and growing (terrestrial space and fertility). Double-lined chevrons symbolize water and fertility, and also the spiritual being nommo of binu serou in water and rain. This lock was used by the totemic priest of the binu cult for sealing his granary. The close association of such lock with vital food supplies harvested from binu fields means that it also symbolizes binu serou himself. The binu cult links the living to those early ancestors who are immortal. The starry pattern engraved on the bolt would be both the symbol of the universe and of the Sirius satellite.

Wooden door locks were used on the doors of dwellings, cookhouses, sanctuaries, and on granary shutters. Each lock is given a name in accordance with its message, person, myth, or any anecdote referred to. Door locks were passed down from generation to generation.
18th / 19th century.

Object #4311

Origin :

Mali (Bandiagara cliffs, Yougo Na)

Type :

Door locks

Ethnic group :

Dogon

Material :

Brownish patinated wood

Size :

H = 11 inches

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